In sexual reproduction, offspring arise from the union of specialized sex cells — a female egg and a male sperm. Just before the rediscovery of Mendel's work, careful studies were made of chromosome behavior during the formation of sex cells meiosis. First, homologous like chromosomes pair up at the cell equator where they actually exchange genetic information. Then, one chromosome from each pair is pulled toward each pole.
How many chromosomes does a human sex cell have?
chromosome number | Definition, Haploid, & Diploid | Britannica
Chromosomes are thread-like molecules that carry hereditary information for everything from height to eye color. They are made of protein and one molecule of DNA, which contains an organism's genetic instructions, passed down from parents. In humans, animals, and plants, most chromosomes are arranged in pairs within the nucleus of a cell. Humans have 22 of these chromosome pairs, called autosomes. Humans have an additional pair of sex chromosomes for a total of 46 chromosomes. The sex chromosomes are referred to as X and Y, and their combination determines a person's sex. Typically, human females have two X chromosomes while males possess an XY pairing.
How many chromosomes do people have?
A sex chromosome , also referred to as an allosome , heterotypical chromosome , or heterochromosome ,   or idiochromosome  is a chromosome that differs from an ordinary autosome in form, size, and behavior. The human sex chromosomes, a typical pair of mammal allosomes, determine the sex of an individual created in sexual reproduction. Autosomes differ from allosomes because autosomes appear in pairs whose members have the same form but differ from other pairs in a diploid cell , whereas members of an allosome pair may differ from one another and thereby determine sex.
Each "human body cell" has 46 chromosomes. But human sex cells have 23 unpaired chromosomes in each cell. Sex cells are created by a special type of cell division, Meiosis. This pictures are showing, how sex cells sperm and egg or ovum are created by meiosis. They have "n" chromosome which means 23 in number.